Skip to main content

We're conveniently located at:
651 SR 13
Saint Johns, FL 32259

Schedule An Appointment Call Us Now 904-287-4567
bkground_sunglasses-colourized-blue
contact-in-water
girl%20with%20blue%20eyes%20in%20black%20and%20white%20coat%20slide.png
Home » Your Eye Health » Eye Conditions » Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)

Amblyopia, which is also called “lazy eye”, is a disorder that affects the visual development in children. Amblyopia is difficult to correct just with the use of contact lenses, or eyeglasses. Ambylopia can cause vision loss if it is not treated early and properly. This vision disorder affects 2-3% of the population.

What are the symptoms of Amblyopia?

Usually children that are born with amblyopia, the symptoms start in early childhood. Some signs of amblyopia in children are squinting, closing one eye in order to see better, poor general vision, headaches, and eyestrain. Usually caretakers such as parents, caregivers, doctors, or nurses notice these symptoms and recommend the child for treatment.

What are the causes of Amblyopia?

Strabismus is usually the cause of amblyopia. Strabismus is the eyes aligning incorrectly. Amblyopia can also be caused when there is a large difference between the eyes in refractive errors (prescription much higher in one eye than the other). For example, one eye is nearsighted, while the other is farsighted. If amblyopia is not treated, the brain will learn to disregard the vision in the eye with amblyopia. The eye that is disregarded does not grow with clear image and vision loss can be permanent. This is why it is very important to get early treatment and take your child to see your eye doctor if any signs are apparent.

How is Amblyopia treated?

There are several treatments for amblyopia, depending on the cause. Often children are treated using vision therapy, which usually includes a patch on the better eye. Other treatments are atropine eye drops, correct prescription eyeglasses, or surgery.

Vision Therapy

Vision therapy consists of eye exercises, which aim to teach the eyes to work together. In cases of amblyopia, the exercises require the brain to recognize the affected eye, which restores vision in that eye. Some doctors place a patch over the more functional eye, which forces the less functional eye to work harder and become stronger. The patch is generally worn for a few hours a day. Depending on the severity of the condition, treatment can last for weeks or months. Some children refuse to wear a patch, in those cases, a prosthetic contact lens is available. These contact lenses look like the regular eye, and are designed to block vision in that eye.

Atropine drops

Some doctors use atropine eye drops to treat amblyopia. These drops blur vision in the child’s better eye, forcing the weaker eye to work harder and get stronger. In the morning, one drop is instilled under eye doctor’s instructions. The advantage to this method of treatment is that the patch is avoided.

Prescription eyeglasses

If your child has developed amblyopia because of uncorrected vision, sometimes all that is needed is a pair of eyeglasses. When there is strong uncorrected prescription, or when there is a large difference in prescription between the two eyes, sometimes amblyopia can result. Your eye doctor may recommend eye patch therapy in addition to corrective lenses.

Surgery

Strabismus surgery is usually required if the amblyopia is due to a large eye turn. This type of surgery aligns the eyes and corrects the problem within the eye muscles. After the surgery the eyes will able to focus better. Additional vision therapy may be required after strabismus surgery.

Amblyopia must be treated as early as possible as there is no chance that it will resolve by itself. Untreated amblyopia can lead to permanent vision loss in that eye and reduced depth perception. Amblyopia needs to be treated promptly so that your child can have the best vision possible in childhood and later in life. When amblyopia is diagnosed and treated before age 9, the weaker eye can often develop significantly better vision. The most critical time to treat amblyopia is from 3 to 6 years of age. If you or anyone sees any signs of amblyopia, go to your eye doctor to find the best treatment for your child.

x

Update on COVID-19 (03/30/2020)

We wanted to thank you for your continued support of our office during this challenging time. We will continue to be open from 9:00am-1:00pm Monday through Friday to dispense contact lens and eyeglasses orders. We will also be able to order additional contact lenses for patients who may be running low.

While all routine eye care is still deferred during this time, we will remain available to triage eye emergencies. We will send out additional notifications as soon as it becomes possible to resume routine eyecare.

Please call or text us at (904)287-4567 or email us at cfec2@2drfishers.com with any questions for concerns.

*****CONTACT WEARERS*****

With the day to day changes surrounding COVID-19, we do not know how much longer we will be open to the public. With that being said, if you are a contact lens wearer, and currently have less than a 3 month supply of lenses, we highly recommend that you place an order now. We will offer free shipping on lenses directly to your home (with a minimum of 2 boxes). We will also extend contact lenses prescriptions, as needed, for those expiring within the next three months.

Please call or text us at (904)287-4567 or email us at cfec2@2drfishers.com.

Hours: As of March 30, we will be open from 9:00am – 1:00pm Monday through Friday only to dispense contact lens and eyeglass orders. We will have a doctor available to see ocular emergencies if needed.

Routine Eye Exams: If you are scheduled for a routine eye examination appointment during our closure, we will reschedule your appointment. As of March 30, 2020, we will begin rescheduling routine eye examination appointments for April 13th and later.

I need to replace my glasses. What do I do? Please contact us at (904)287-4567. We may be able to extend your prescription during this time and will help you with your eyewear needs.

I’m nearly out of contact lenses. What do I do? Please contact us at (904)287-4567. We may be able to extend your prescription during this time, and/or place an order for your contact lenses and have them shipped to your house (with a minimum of 2 boxes).

I need a refill on the medication prescribed to me by the practice. What do I do? Please contact us at (904)287-4567 or cfec2@2drfishers.com. We can transmit a refill for your prescription directly to your pharmacy so that you have the medication that you need.

I need to pick up my order. What do I do? We will be open from 9:00am – 1:00pm Monday through Friday only to dispense contact lens and eyeglass orders.

I don’t feel comfortable coming into the office to pick up my order. What do I do? Please contact us at (904)287-4567 and we can bring your contact lens or glasses order out to your car. Since we are working with reduced staff, please allow us extra time for curbside pick-up. Also, when you place your contact lens order, you can elect to have them shipped to your home.

What about an eye emergency after your shortened business hours? What can I do? If you have an ocular emergency, please call (904)287-4567 and wait for instructions at the end of the message.

Our doctors will do their best to accommodate your needs whenever possible during this time. We have reduced our staff hours until further notice to protect them, our patients, our community, and our nation. Despite the financial and emotional hardships this will cause, we ask every one of you to do the same.

Together, we will weather this storm.